Cataracts take years to develop and deteriorate your eyesight. Hence, early detection and intervention are crucial so that the eye problem will not affect your daily activities. But once the problem has reached a serious stage to the point that you will need a cataract surgery, you must be ready to ensure that the surgical procedure can correct the problem for good.
You need to take note of the tips below to understand how to prepare for a cataract surgery and ensure success from the procedure.
A week before the designated date of your surgery, your doctor will conduct a series of tests. These tests are designed to determine the size and shape of your eyes. This information is needed for proper lens fitting.
In addition, other general tests are also conducted to assess your overall health condition and identify potential risks. Your blood pressure will be tested, along with your history of other health issues such as diabetes. This health information can have a direct impact on your ability to become a candidate for the surgery.
- Aside from undergoing these tests in preparation for the surgery, take note of the following reminders before you go into the surgical room:
- Take at least one day off following your surgery. This will give you enough time to rest and recover.
- Do not drink alcohol or similar beverages 24 hours prior to undergoing surgery.
- You will also be advised to temporarily cease intake of medication that could increase the risk of bleeding during surgery. It is important to make known to your doctor what type of medications you are currently taking (if any).
- Make sure you shower before surgery to maintain a clean environment during surgery.
- Make sure someone is driving you home after surgery (for those who are outpatients).
A cataract surgery takes about an hour (or more) to perform. Your doctor will place eye drops to encourage pupil dilation. The area will be numbed by using local anesthetics. In some cases, doctors will also prescribe a sedative so you can stay relaxed throughout the surgical procedure. While you’re on the sedative, you will be awake but feel groggy throughout the surgery.
There are two surgical methods used by doctors to remove cataracts: 1) using an ultrasound probe to easily remove the lens or 2) making an incision to remove the lens in one piece. Your doctor should discuss with you about these options before undergoing surgery. Once the natural lens is removed, it may or may not be implanted with an artificial lens. Again, this is something that you should have discussed with your doctor prior to surgery.
There is little adjustment or recovery period required for cataract surgery patients. Sometimes, you should be back to your normal daily activities within 24 hours. For others, it can take more to be adjusted. However, you can do some exercises to accelerate the recovery process. One example is to practice your sight at various distances to strengthen your vision.
For more information, check out http://www.milaneyecenter.com/